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Séminaire CETHIL (présentiel - La Doua) : Playing with 1D and 2d materials : applications for sensors, Energy, EMI, Memories and Thermoelectricity

Le 26 novembre 2021

Amphi Chappe, bât. Claude Chappe, INSA

Langue / language:
the presentation will be in English

Présenté par : Dr. Paolo Bondavalli Thales Research and Technology, 1 Av. Fresnel, Palaiseau, France, Paolo.bondavalli@thalesgroup.com

Dr. Paolo Bondavalli
Thales Research and Technology, 1 Av. Fresnel, Palaiseau, France,

Résumé + biographie de l'orateur, au format pdf

This contribution deals with the work that have been developed at TRT for 15 years exploiting the properties of graphene and Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) based nanomaterial. Firstly we developed a new technique to deposit nanomaterials that llowed us fabricating sensors, supercapacitors, flexible memories, conformable Electro-Magnetic interference Shielding (EMI) layers. In the first case we fabricated gas sensors using carbon nanotubes (CNTs) based transistors with and extremely high sensitivity (10ppb for NO2) at ambient air. After that, we exploited the nanostructuration of mixtures of graphene and CNTs to achieve electrodes for supercapacitors. Spraying these mixtures, we built up sort of scaffolds that allow optimizing the exploitation of the surface of nanomaterials (using CNTs to avoid graphene layer restacking), the creation of a mesoporous distribution inside electrodes to increase power and, in case of pseudo-capacitance to make easier the electrodeposition of metal oxide (MnO2) inside the electrode. The use of high quality graphene (<5 layers) and CNTs, with a diameter of around 20nm, also improve the conductivity for the electrodes and allowed us obtaining an impressive specific power value of around 100kW/Kg using an up-scalable industrially suitable fabrication technique. The spray-gun deposition method has been also implemented in the fabrication of graphene oxide (GO) and carbon nanofibers based memories (ReRAM). In this case we case spray nanomaterials in water based suspensions on a flexible layer previously metallized. The total thickness is around 100nm. After contacting the top with metallic contacts creating pads, we are able to achieve flexible nonvolatile memories simply applying a bias (<3V). These memories show bipolar behavior and have been cycled 10000 times without significant changes between on and off states. They constitute one of the first examples of information storage devices that can be fabricated using a roll-to-roll implementable method on flexible substrate. Finally, we have achieved EMS architectures using nanostructuration of CNTs and graphene mixture between polymers layers in order to exploit the Maxwell-Wagner-Sillars effect to absorb X-band frequencies. Thanks to this nanostructuration we are able to trap the charges in sort of micro-capacitors created in the layers. Up to now with layer of around 100 μm on conformable film, we are able to enhance the reflection up to 99%. This is a real breakthrough considering that usually heavy metal based layers are used and that in this case extremely thin conformable layers can be obtained opening the route for new kinds of applications that can be implemented by roll-to-roll fabrication. The versatility of this technique (with thickness form 100nm to mm) will increase its impact on a large panel of applications reducing dramatically the production costs. The first supercapacitors industrially fabricated using roll-to-roll will be produced along this year for avionics applications and implemented also for IoT. At the end of the contribution, we will talk about our next activities in 2D topological insulators field for improved TEGs.