Vous êtes ici : Version française > Parcours du doctorant > Formation

Colloque / Séminaire

Séminaire LMFA - Probing supra-threshold hearing mechanisms to understand speech-in-noise intelligibility deficits

Le 29 novembre 2019

Salle Archipel, Bâtiment H10, Ecole Centrale de Lyon

Langue / language: the presentation will be in French

Présenté par : Emmanuel Ponsot, Laboratoire des Systèmes Perceptifs, ENS, Paris

Emmanuel Ponsot, Laboratoire des Systèmes Perceptifs, ENS, Paris

Résumé au format pdf

A largely unresolved problem in hearing sciences concerns the large heterogeneity observed among individuals with similar audiograms (auditory thresholds measured in quiet) in understanding speech in noisy environments. Recent studies suggest that supra-threshold auditory mechanisms (i.e. that operate above detection threshold) play a prominent role in these interindividual differences, but a precise view of where and how distortions arise along the auditory processing hierarchy is lacking. Addressing this problemrequires novel approaches that not do simply consider hearing in terms of sensitivity, but in terms of fidelity of encoding. In this talk, I will present a novel methodological framework developed for this purpose, which combines signal-processing with psychoacoustical tests and computational modeling tools derived from system identification methods. I will present and discuss results from several experiments conducted in both normal-hearing and hearing-impaired individuals
within this framework to characterize the processing of supra-threshold signals made of spectrotemporal modulations – broadband noises whose envelope is jointly modulated over time and frequency
like – which constitute the most crucial feature underlying speech intelligibility. I will then explain how the detailed characterization returned from this joined experimental-modeling approach can be
used to identify the different components underlying suprathreshold auditory encoding deficits. Overall, this project describes an innovative approach that capitalizes on acoustical and system-engineering
methods to shed an unprecedented light on supra-threshold hearing and its disorders. By integrating the knowledge of how the auditory system operates above threshold in noisy conditions, this project
will generate new avenues for the development of novel audiological procedures and signal-processing strategies for hearing aids.